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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 31, 2012 6:00pm-6:30pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, shell, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i'm kathy kay. from political convention to natural disaster, mitt romney tours louisiana hoping to look, well, like a president. russian tycoon took allegations of blackmail to a london court in the most expensive trial of its kind. now one of them --, and
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carrying the future. can something as simple as mirrors in a field really be a solar solution? welcome to our viewers on pbs and those around the globe. mitt romney, the republican candidate, was acting like mitt romney, the republican president today. fresh from his convention speech in florida, mr. romney flew straight to louisiana to tour the areas worst hit by hurricane isaac. the disaster zone gave him a chance to look presidential but persuading americans to elect him is trickier. that was a thing he tackled in florida last night. >> the band played "giving me
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some loving" and the entire buildup was about provoking passion in this crowd. in between the music there was told stories bringing alive mitt the man, a compassionate, loving leader. his theme, "america's disappointment with the economy, with the president," many in his party feel a fury toward president obama, but his tone was more sorrow than anger. what happened, he asked, to all that excitement four years ago? >> you know there's wrong with the kind of job he's done as president when the best feeling you had was the day you voted for him. [laughter] >> he said he wanted obama to succeed because he wanted america to succeed, but now it was time to restore the promise of america. >> president obama promised to begin to slow the rise of the oceans. and to heal the planet. [laughter] >> my promise is to help you and your family. [applause] >> earlier the oong's careful
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choreographer with a star rumbling. clint eastwood pretended he was talking to an invisible obama. what >> what do you want me to tell romney? can't do that to himself. [laughter] >> you're absolutely crazy. >> in the eyes of the audience he redeemed himself of a catchphrase made to go with a magnum. >> i'll start it, you finish it. go ahead -- >> make my day. >> it hardly made mitt romney's day. he'd rather have the media talking about his words and beaming devoters in swing states, places like florida, vital in this election. it has huge economic problems. and romney's central promise is to create 12 million new jobs in america. a third are independents and mitt romney's speech was artfully designed to appeal to those on the center ground. it was to focus on the economy.
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>> are you hungry today? >> a hotel owner is one of those. she voted for obama last time and now niss he's failed but she's' are you pulsed by some republican policies. after the speech she's warming to mr. romney. >> i do have a different impression. i do think he seems to be a person that can maybe work collectively and solve a problem. this is what i thought obama would do, you know, pull everyone together. but he never pulled anyone together. >> to win mitt romney needs americans to at least like him. a little late, he's starting to tell his story. >> and today as we said, mitt romney wasted no time hitting the campaign trail again with stops that included a visit to the hurricane-damaged state of louisiana. he toured a flooded community and said he hoped his visit would focus public attention on the victims' needs. on monday, president obama will make his own visit to louisiana. for more on how the battle
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between the candidates is shaping up, i'm joined now by michelle, president of the bernard center for women. it's good to go straight from florida to louisiana, looked presidential. >> we needed to see mitt romney the human being to see if he has warm reded blood in his veins. he was humanized during the convention this weekend. he went to a place that was largely ignored by hurricane katrina. it took a long time for the president as well as people across the country to really focus what was happening in louisiana during that time period. so this was a good time to go to look presidential and to give us -- give the american public and quite frankly the world at large an idea of what he might be like in a crisis situation. >> ok. this week, michelle, there's been an awful lot of focus only tampa. a ton of people down there. do conventions make difference to those undecided voters left in america? >> i'm torn. we are told there's a very
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small percentage of people who are undecide voters. if you sit back and you look what happened during the convention i'm not convinced that anyone who was undecided actually -- you know, changed their opinion of mitt romney or who they're going to vote for or not vote for this late in the presidential cycle. it was really important to really get to know him. and also quite frankly to look at the republican party. there has been so much damage done by large voices in the republican party. the republican party's brand this week and the convention served not on -- reintroduced us to mitt romney but to cure some of the damage that has been done by the republican party and now give us the impression -- >> do you think he did what he needed to do in that speech last night in tampa? >> i think he did as much as he could do. i think his wife did a better job of reintroducing america to mitt rom northeast there was one point during the speech that i don't think anyone could be touched when he told the story of his mother and father and their love story and his
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father giving a rose every day. when he died simply because she didn't get a rose that morning. it really humanized him. he looked weepy in the eyes. and for better or not, americans like that. they like to see the humanness in their public elected officials. and i think that did a lot for mitt romney. >> a different process from the process we have in the parliamentary system in europe where they really do focus on the candidate. next week they get a chance to see barack obama in charlotte. he has the likeability ratings. what does he have to do counter what mitt romney has done in florida? >> one of the things we saw, for example, last night was jeb bush came on. he defended his brother and i think one of the reasons that he defended former president george bush is we'll probably see from barack obama next week an explanation of the economy as it stands today. he will reintroduce his opinion which was he walked into a disaster that was created by george bush and things could have been so much worse. barack obama next week needs to
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explain the economy. he needs to take ownership of the economy. he needs to explain to the american public how he's going to change things but he also needs to reintroduce himself to women, african-americans and latinos because it's this election gets decided on demographics. those are demographics that is near to the democratic party, not the republican party. >> thank you so much for coming in. it was a trial between two of russia's richest men and it played out in a british court. exile businessman boris sought more than $5.5 billion in damages from the owner of the chelsea football club. it happened in the 1990's oil deal. the judge said the details in this case have shine a light on the most shadowy period of post-soviet history. here is bridgette kendall. >> a courtroom clash of russian
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titans. a tale of alleged betrayal, blackmail and secret deals. arriving to the ruling this morning, exiled kremlin critic, boris, seemed confident of victory. he claimed that roman forced him to sell valuable assets cheap, cheating him out of billions of pounds. the judge said it's up -- she didn't believe him. the judge said she found him an unimpressive, unreliable witness who regarded truth as a transtory flexible concept. he admitted he was flabbergasted. >> i am surprised completely.
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>> it was the owner of chelsea football club, roman abramovich saying he felt confident. it was a far cry when back in russia when mr. abramovich and berezovsky, both enjoying a jet setting lifestyle. they fell out when mr. berezovsky lost favor with president putin. they brought back qurls with them. this is in london where boris, who had been shopping in one designer store suddenly glimpsed his rival at another shop down the street. so he marched towards him, served it saying here's a present for you. arriving to give evidence, the two would come face to face again during a trial which experts think could be the most expensive legal case ever involving individuals. >> there's a couple things i
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dealt with or i know about where you talk about a million pounds a day for trial costs. this case has gone on for 70 days so you're talking somewhere in the region of 100 to 150 million pounds for this particular case. >> it's still unclear what costs mr. berezovsky could cost. this day he's estimated worth a half billion pounds but he doesn't seem likely this case will stop the trend of russian tycoons seeking justice in london. >> a quick look at some of the day's other news. a chairman of the federal states federal reserve ben bernanke said the economic situation is far from satisfactory. he told a gathering of central bankers and academics that the fed would be taking additional steps to promote a stronger recovery. his speech is being closely watched, signs the bank is ready to try further stimulus
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matters. an explanation after 270 miners were charged with the murder of their colleagues who were shot by police. state prosecutors charged the miners under the apar thide era common purpose doctrine. the decision is also being condemned by constitutional lawyers. and a powerful earthquake has sparked tsunami fears in the east of the philippines. paniced residents fled to higher ground after the 7.2 magnitude quake struck off the coast but it only generated small waves. one person was killed in a house collapsing. power was cut off to several towns and cities. now to pakistan where a court has ordered that a christian girl accused of blasphemy must be held in a maximum security prison for two more weeks. police say they want more time on whether to charge the girl who is said to be mentally impaired. she was arrested after a muslim neighbor accused her of burning pages of the koran. the case has drawn international condemnation of fact stan's strict blasphemy
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laws. -- pakistan's strict blasphemy laws. >> the christian girl whose case has caused concern around the world. it was tight security for the brief hearing which extended her detention for two more weeks. then, she was led back to the prison van for the return to jail. doctors say she's 14 with a mental age of less than that. human rights campaigners say her treatment is barbaric and inhumane. her lawyers are trying to get her out on bail. they hope she will be released at a hearing tomorrow. she will be back in court saturday. until then she remains in a maximum security prison where, according to her father, she's completely traumatized. he's released a letter through a campaign organization saying he's worried for her life and the whole family is in grave
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danger. he is a p.o. to pakistan's president to pardon his daughter. if she's released, chance are she won't return to her poor district at the edge of islama bad. -- islamabad. they are worried what will happen to them. people are afraid there will be trouble like houses being burned and women and children being attacked. the neighborhood is peaceful now, but an angry mob threatened to burn her alive when she was accused of blasphemy. the local muslim cleric told us he would not be able to control the area if she returns. >> the people here were so nice before but if she comes back they might change. maybe they will leave her alone and maybe they will
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>> herome is abandoned now. her family is in hiding. even if she is released, campaigners fear she won't be safe in pakistan. >> a young girl terrorized by strict blasphemy rules there. still to come on tonight's programs, thousands are evacuated from spain's costa del sole as wildfires -- sol as wildfires threaten the region. sierra leon is gripped by the worst cholera outbreak in recent years. it has killed more than 200 people. 13,000 have been infected and the number of cases is likely to triple in the mix month as the rainy season starts. millions of dollars in aide have been pledged by the international community to supply clean water and
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sanitation to almost two million people. and direct treatment for some 4 50,000 people. >> the latest victims of the cholera outbreak in sierra leon. this man has had to come to this health center twice in two days. first, his son fell ill. now his daughter. she was really ill, he tells me. she was vomiting a lot. but since we brought her ill, her situation has improved. this special health care center is run by the ad agency, one of the organizers. slums like this, densely populated, poor sanitation and limited health care services. now, this is one of the points where people get water. with these buckets and dairy
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cans, they get water for cleaning, cooking, drinking, putting them at risk if it's not treated. such water purification systems provided by such agencies but these are only short-term measures. it's much harder to get information from the rural areas about the spread of cholera. it's just as hard to get medical supplies there due to poor infrastructure. sierra leon is recovering from the affects of the civil war over a decade ago and the ongoing cholera epidemic creates and uphill task for one of the world's poorest countrie >> thousands of people are being forced to evacuate their homes to escape a wildfire on spain's costa del sol. one person died as the blaze fanned by high winds reached the outskirts of the popular
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area of marbella. this summer has been particularly bad. >> fanned by hot wind, the fire moved quickly through an area of countryside in the heart of spain's costa del sol. the flames destroyed homes, apartments and businesses not far from the resort of marbella. dozens of aircraft and hundreds of firefighters and military personnel were drafted in. at one point spain's main coastal motorway was cut off by the flames. some people here have lost everything. the fire began overnight in the hills north of marbella. thousands of people were forced to flee with what they could. some took their animals too. one man died in his home. some reports suggest he'd been evacuated but chose to return.
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many people took refuge in emergency centers. around 300 british tourists and british expats among them. she was working in the middle of the night. >> they said just get out in english and in spanish and so we just literally left with handbags. we just left. it was frightening. >> tonight helicopters were still fighting the last of the flames. up on the hillside here, there's a burnt smell in the air. this is a town of ojen just north of marbella. the fire is almost under control, but as you can see, there's a thick dark layer of smoke in the sky above these hills. tonight, spain seems to be winning the battle, but at a great cost. in a country that needs all the revenue it can get from its vital tourist industry. >> one more problem, spain does
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not need. as we've already seen, the battle is on in the u.s. presidential campaign and the debate over alternative energy is one of the many issues the candidates are fighting over. president obama put billions of dollars of stimulus money into renewable power, but after some high-profile industry bankruptcies it's become the focus of republican attacks. so what are the facts? can solar power really fuel the future? we've gone through the world's biggest solar power plant in california to find out. >> in the desert of southern california, they're assembly solar power on a dramatic scale. each of these panels will power one home by reflecting the sun's energy and turning it into electricity. it's going to be the biggest thermal solar power plant in the world. these tens of thousands of mirrors are being placed so when it's operational they will be tilted and reflect the sun's
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rays and this huge boiler will turn steam into electricity. these plants will power 140,000 homes. it's big but a tiny fraction of america's electricity needs. solar power has now spread into the political landscape. >> obama's department of energy has handed out billions of dollars in loans and grants. >> this republican attack ad pinpoints the public money lost when one of the fledgling solar companies president obama bet on went bankrupt. >> some technologies don't pan out. some companies fail. but i will not walk away from the promise of clean energy. >> renewable energy received a lot of economic stimulus money from the government, politicizing solar as the two candidates have different views on energy. >> three million jobs come back to this country by taking advantage of something we have right underneath our feet. that's oil and gas and coal.
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we're going to make it happen. we're going to create those jobs. >> there are jobs where the sun shines too. americans are investing in solar power. new ways of leasing panels rather than buying them outright means many more households are signing up. >> we need to save energy for the future. and this one is a very cost-effective way to help the environment without adding more to your monthly electric bill. >> think businesses like apple, google and wal-mart are doing this on an even bigger scale. >> it is the fastest growing industries in the united states today. in the last two years we've doubled employment and grown by over 100% in the last year alone. so the truth of the matter is solar is one of the bright spots in the economy. >> there's huge solar potential out in the desert and more bigger schemes are planned. but america's new sort of power is natural gas from fracking. it's cheap, cleaner than coal
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and means solar will remain an alternative energy for now. >> well, speaking of lighting up the future, tonight a display went up along a wall that is totally unique. built as a roman descent, the three-mile-long wall is being turned into a colorful display of 400 pulsating bon we have taken a look. >> in the cold damp darkness, a ribbon of color. >> blue. >> a 73 mile long line of 400 giant bobbing balloons illuminating the wall. >> i'm -- i would describe myself as a nerd artist. >> a nerd artist? >> uh-huh. >> 500 people putting up some balloons on the wall. >> yeah.
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it's bad. -- it's mad. >> they glow, they blink, they shimmer, the wall reimagined not as a barrier but a place to meet, gaze and wonder what's it all about. >> art is about exploring, you know, new possibilities, new realities and also that artists are kind ofrd department for humanity and this -- of r&d department of humanity. >> and this is one of a series of outdoor spectacles. festival 2012 aimed to make culture of our moment. so have we noticed among the summer of sports? >> we were ahead of target with free tickets already taken up. and said to get 10 million for the whole festival. >> hello. >> amazing. i've never seen this and this is perhaps the best.
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you see, there's your comment there. >> mesmerizing, eerie, a roman ruin left for a few hours as with ancient glue. >> that is very cool. and it brings our show to a close today. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. have a great week. >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, union bank, and shell. >> at shell, we believe the world needs a broader mix of energies. that's why we're supplying
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cleaner-burning natural gas to generate electricity. and it's also why, with our partner in brazil, shell is producing ethanol, a biofuel made from renewable sugar cane. >> a minute, mom! >> let's broaden the world's energy mix. let's go. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. bad dreams again, barbara?
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fingerprints, blood on your clothes? milton: now, sometthing?
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